Utah has a three foot passing law that states:
Operation of motor vehicle near bicycle prohibited.
An operator of a motor vehicle may not knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly operate a motor vehicle within three feet of a moving bicycle, unless the operator of the motor vehicle operates the motor vehicle within a reasonable and safe distance of the bicycle.
Are three foot passing laws in other states worded similarly to this?
This particular phrasing seems to legitimize excuses such "I didn't know you were there" or "I didn't mean to pass so close" or even "three inches seemed like a reasonable and safe distance to me."
Is there something about the specific legal meaning of the words that makes this law more concrete than it seems?