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I'm planning to swap shifters and brake levers from one bike to another. One bike is a randonee with STI brifters, and the other is a Surly Long Haul Trucker with barends and separate brake levers. Both bike have 9-speed drivetrains, and are less than two years old.

The Randonee is my bike, the LHT is not; a guy I used to ride with has agreed to the swap. (I prefer barends, he prefers the STI shifters.) The ideal way to do this would be for us to both bring our bikes to a mechanic and have the shop do the swap on the spot, if we can find a time that works for all three parties involved.

Are there any potential pitfalls I should be aware of? I'm assuming we may have to replace some cables -- one bike is a larger frame than the other -- but are there any mechanical issues that are likely to arise? Are there any parts I'm likely to need to replace?

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1 Answer 1

up vote 4 down vote accepted

The inimitable late Sheldon Brown left us a great post on shifters and gearing and compatibility. The highlights for this kind of swap are:

For the bike getting the bar end shifters:

  • Likely no problem. If the rear shifter is indexed but the indexing doesn't match the gearing then you can usually switch to 'friction' mode. May be annoying if you are not used to friction shifting, but will be functional and you will get used to it in a ride or two. You may even find that you like being able to 'trim' a shift like you can with friction shifters.

  • Bar End front shifters are usually friction anyway, so no problem there.

  • Cables will probably have to be rerouted and bar tape replaced.

For the bike getting the STI shifters

  • Gearing must match. You will run into trouble installing 9-speed STI shifters on a bike with an 8-speed cluster. The derailleur will usually work with multiple cog counts if it's reasonably modern. The indexing/shift distance is controlled by the index gears inside the shifters.

  • Front shifters are indexed as well, and may only work with certain chainring sizes/configurations.

  • Again you will probably be re-routing cables along the handlebars and replacing bar tape.

Brake Levers

You can also run into issues swapping the brake levers. Brakes differ in their 'pull length' so levers that work with center-pull cantilevers like I have on my touring bike won't work if I move them to my old beater mountain bike that uses direct-pull V-brakes.

Here again is Sheldon Brown on Cantilever Brakes - scroll down for the compatibility info.

Summary

If the cog counts are the same and the brake pull is compatible then I say go for it.

I like working on bikes, and live close to a bike shop so that if I need a part it's a quick jaunt. If the gear counts match for the bike this is exactly the kind of thing I would find 'fun' to tackle.

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Very helpful! By "gear counts", do you mean 11/32 (or whatever) or 9x3=21-speed-drivetrain? –  Neil Fein Oct 11 '10 at 5:02
    
@neilfein I mean 9x3. The size of the cogs is unlikely to matter unless you are also changing a derailleur. –  Gary.Ray Oct 11 '10 at 14:32
    
No, we're hoping to avoid changing anything but the shifters and perhaps some cables if one of the bikes comes up short. –  Neil Fein Oct 11 '10 at 20:22

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