Take the 2-minute tour ×
Bicycles Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people who build and repair bicycles, people who train cycling, or commute on bicycles. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Does the padding inside of a bicycle helmet contribute to the overall security of the helmet? I.e. do they cushion a crash in some way, or are they just there for comfort?

share|improve this question
add comment

1 Answer 1

up vote 13 down vote accepted

Because there is an optimum placement position for the helmet on the head, having padding that helps keep the helmet in place, or makes the helmet more comfortable to wear, indirectly contributes to the safety of the helmet. But aside from a very minor absorption of force during the moment of impact the padding really has no direct impact on the safety a helmet.

Modern bike helmets are designed to deform in a crash. Basically, the hard foam and plastic that the helmet is made out of, crumples during an impact. This dissipates the force of impact during a crash. For this reason it is important to replace your helmet after any significant impact. The padding is mostly there for comfort, and to make the helmet fit slightly better.

From the Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute "The spongy foam pads inside a helmet are for comfort and fit, not for impact protection"

share|improve this answer
2  
Minor detail: It's not that the hard foam "crumbles", but that it smashes, while absorbing a considerable amount of energy. This (relatively) slow smashing of the foam helps decelerate the skull slowly enough that the brain is much less likely to bang the inside of the skull. It's the brain hitting the inside of the skull that causes the damage. –  Daniel R Hicks Mar 19 '13 at 20:02
1  
Yes crumples rather than "crumble", is quite similar to smashes. –  Wadelp Mar 19 '13 at 20:52
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.