I'm in the process of upgrading a well loved 1970s steel frame from a downtube shifter system to a modern 'brifter' system.
Through this process I've had to look at many disparate sources to get information from all over the internet. Generally, LBS have been rather sketchy about this - they'd rather sell me a new bike. I think it would be ideal if we could have one question under which we could address as many of the general problems & solutions that the process throws up, and maybe have a collection of resources that someone who wants to follow this process would be able to refer to for more specific problems. I'm going to provide an answer myself, once it's established that the question is valid! My question is:
What potential issues will I need to consider when modernizing a pre-1990s steel frame?
Please note, I am getting brifters. Answers which say 'you'd be better off staying with downtube shifters' are not helpful in the slightest.