Gears in the drivetrain of a bike.

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35
votes
5answers
61k views

What are the pros and cons of internal gears?

I've had my hybrid 24-speed for a bit over 3 years now, and just last weekend, when looking for a bike for my wife, discovered internal gears. Suffice to say it blew my mind when I saw 7-speed ...
31
votes
7answers
12k views

What's the efficiency of hub gears compared to derailleurs?

What's the efficiency of hub gears compared to derailleurs. I know that hub gears are not as efficient, a part from being heavier, how much will I loose in performance if I use hub gear?
30
votes
5answers
9k views

Perfectly setting up gears - how?

Every time I have my bike serviced, the bike shop sets up the gears on a stand in their workshop. The gears change perfectly on the stand, but when the bike is on the road, the rear derailleur doesn't ...
24
votes
6answers
2k views

Can you shift both the front and back gears simultanously?

Is it advisable to shift both the front and back gear simultaneously? Can this cause any damage?
17
votes
4answers
40k views

Help Me Understand My Bicycle's Gears

I've recently started commuting with a bicycle (Giant hybrid bicycle). I've been trying to learn a little about bicycling to make my commute easier and my time on the bicycle more enjoyable. Please ...
15
votes
6answers
9k views

What is the simplest way to lower the gearing on my touring bike?

I have a 2004 Jamis Aurora with a 52/42/30 triple and an 11-32 cassette in the back. 30x32 (25.3 gear inches) being the lowest gear is frustrating for the hilly terrain where I live (e.g., 7% grade ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Should I clean the grease off the gears?

I usually keep my chain well lubricated. However, my gears are usually greasy. Should I be cleaning the gears or are they supposed to be greasy?
13
votes
5answers
4k views

Always cycling in highest gear, why?

For all my life I have noticed that I always cycle in the highest gear (most of my bikes had at least 3x7, so it wasn't a lack of options) whilst most serious cyclists cycle on relatively low gears ...
13
votes
5answers
3k views

Worries about a gear ratio of 1:1?

I'm planning a randonneur-like bike with drop bars, STI shifters, and nevertheless some low gears. The crankset could be a "compact plus" (I guess from Sugino), 44 and 28 teeths, and the cassette a ...
11
votes
6answers
8k views

How many effective gears do I have on a 21 speed bike?

I have a 21 speed bike (a hybrid commuting bike). But AFAIK, this does not mean that I have 21 different gear ratios. Is there any way to calculate the different gear ratios?
11
votes
3answers
3k views

How to avoid wearing out gears?

I have a Specialized Tricross which I bought new last year. In that time (approximately 1K miles), I wore out my chain and gears. At least two of my gears are still slipping, even with a new chain. ...
10
votes
7answers
4k views

Does gear ratio affect Power?

Let me preface by saying that this may not be the right SE. I considered asking on the Physics SE, but I thought I might try here first. If it is wrong, I am not against it being migrated. From basic ...
10
votes
10answers
31k views

While pedaling standing up, bike crank gives in as if shifting, what is causing this?

While standing up and pedaling, the cranks give in as if shifting. It seams like I am shifting down, but my hands are off the shifter, almost like the chain is skipping a link. I took it to a bike ...
9
votes
7answers
15k views

What range of sprockets is useful in a road bike cassette?

My road bike currently has a 27/39/53 crankset and a 13-26 cassette, both of which need to be replaced. I occasionally find myself in both extremes—while heading up the very steep hills of the Bay ...
9
votes
5answers
26k views

Why does my gear slip when going uphill / standing?

I have a road bike that I use to commute ~6 miles to work every day. Some of the portions of the ride are at a steep incline, and I've noticed that when I get up to stand on some of these hills, my ...
9
votes
4answers
7k views

How to fix front gear taking 2 shifts just to move onto next cog

I was out on a ride yesterday and several times when I was changing up and down between big chain ring and little chain ring (I only have the 2 rings up front) it required 2 gear changes. The gears ...
9
votes
2answers
12k views

Moving tfrom Shimano 9- to Shimano 10- speed

I'm thinking of changing the 9-speed Tiagra rear mech on one of my (road) bikes to something, still Shimano, but 10-speed. The obvious replacements I'll need are cassette, right-shifter and chain. ...
9
votes
1answer
972 views

Setting chain length

My chain broke and in a moment of silliness (I was cold wet and slightly annoyed) I threw the broken one away before thinking about measuring the new one. Is there a guide to getting the chain ...
8
votes
3answers
7k views

What is the impact of changing to a smaller chainring?

My road bike has a Campagnolo Veloce gearset. It's running 53 and 39 tooth chainrings. I have a 13-25 10sp cassette. I find that a lot of the time when I'm cruising, I'm on the big chainring and in ...
8
votes
3answers
5k views

Bike not changing correctly between two gears

I have only recently started riding to work and I've been given a bike by a friend which is in reasonably good shape. For the way things are working out I keep the front gear in the same position and ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Chain clicks when the back wheel is in highest and lowest gears

When I have my back wheel gears in either the lowest gear or highest gear, my chain clicks as I peddle. How do I fix this?
8
votes
1answer
1k views

I find that I'm always in my highest gear. What options to I have to re-distribute the ratios to a more useful range

I have three gears in the front and 8 in the back, but I always use the highest gear (I live in a flat place) I might drop down one or two gears occationally but this is only a small fraction of the ...
8
votes
2answers
216 views

How to check the gear before renting a bike?

I don't own a bicycle. Whenever I go cycling, I would need to rent one. The first thing that I always check is to see if the brakes are working properly. Sometimes, I have no idea that the gear is ...
7
votes
6answers
1k views

Group of Bikes: Is 3x1 an option?

I'm an RA for a dorm that is considering buying a number of bikes that would be owned by the dorm and lent out to students. I will be at least in part responsible for maintaining the fleet (about 10 ...
7
votes
9answers
40k views

Chain slipping on newish bike

I've looked at most of the answers for related questions and they all speak about replacing parts that are old. I just bought a new bike from a friend who rode the bike for about a month before ...
7
votes
4answers
663 views

Best bicycle for a moderate to extremely hilly suburbs?

I've moved to an area that's notoriously hilly. I had gained a lot of weight but managed to ride it off by cycling in a well built but extremely faulty and wastefully heavy chinese bike. The gears ...
7
votes
2answers
522 views

Switching to Lower Gears for Climbing

Right now, I've got a SRAM 11/26 cassette. I just moved to San Francisco, and some of the climbs out here (e.g., Mt. Tamalpais) are pretty brutal with over an hour of climbing. My cadence over some of ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Effect of Rear Derailleur Cage Length

What effect does the length of the cage on a rear derailleur have on bike setup/shifting?
7
votes
2answers
148 views

When is it time to replace the gear-cable housing?

Please keep in mind that this question is specific to mountain bikes which roll through lots of dirt and mud. I heard stories of bikes that had their cable housing last for years, but I doubt that ...
7
votes
5answers
4k views

Compact crankset, how to use and criticality of cross chaining

I have a road bike with 50/34 compact crankset and 12/27 10sp cassette. While I don't think I could run a 53/39 one given the hills I happen to climb, but sometimes I get the feeling the right gears ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

Unable to pedal when in high gears

I'm a complete novice with bicycle maintenance and have a slight problem. I just picked up a 2nd hand bike as taking part in a charity event this weekend and an unfortunate accident meant my mine was ...
6
votes
6answers
9k views

Why are there almost no bikes with a single chainring?

Bikes with two or three chainrings are the norm, and then there are singlespeeds, but except for kids' bikes, you see almost no stock bikes with a single chainring in front but a cassette and ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Are single-speed bikes better equipped to handle cog/chain wear?

I need to decide between a single-speed and multiple-speed bike. I usually ride multiple-speed mountain/city bikes in the highest gear anyway (around town). They're not intended for that, and doing ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

Chain skipping on some gears

I have an old cruising bike with 21 gears. A few months ago I was pedalling back home when my chain broke, and I was only able to get the chain replaced this week. After having it replaced I noticed ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

Can I increase my highest gear ratio?

I have a modern bike (ridgeback meteor '13) and It currently has a 21 speed shimano chainset. I find that going down hills (which I do a lot) and on flats I need a higher gear. Can I do anything to ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

What difference does the range of gear size matter?

I get the idea of ratios and the obvious that a smaller gear on the front and a larger one on the back will give you an easier end result but what difference does the range of a chainset or groupset ...
6
votes
4answers
286 views

Electronic shifters

I have been reading alot about the electronic shifters that are out now, specifically the ones on TREK bikes. I was wondering if they are worth the price, and more importantly how do they perform.
6
votes
3answers
977 views

Different Gear Type when there's no Front Derailleur?

I have a 7 speed Jamis Boss Cruiser, 7 gears in back and one up front. I've been using it fine for several months now. Lately, the chain is coming off of the single front gear, usually after stopping ...
6
votes
4answers
896 views

Comparing gear ratios on different bike types

How can I compare gear ratios on different wheel sizes? How can I compare gear ratios on MTB with tracking bikes with bigger wheels? How can I compare gear ratios with gear hubs?
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Why does my bike stick in low gears?

When I change into a low gear (i.e. onto a bigger cog) on my back cog all is fine. However, when I later change up again the chain sticks on the larger cog. I commute about 10 miles a day and this has ...
6
votes
2answers
19k views

Special hub requirements for an 11-speed group

In a question earlier today (Changing cassette from 8 to 10 or 11 to meet the Shimano 105 5800 groupset) the Op asserts that they would need to change their hub, if they wanted to go from a 10- to 11- ...
6
votes
2answers
114 views

Which cables and housing do I need?

I am going to build my own bike. I purchased the 105 5800 groupset the other day and was examining the different components. The shifters came with some cables and cable housing. I have attached a ...
6
votes
1answer
183 views

What is the name of this type of bolt for the front crank on my bike?

I recently had to take the front gear off of my bike and had some difficulty undoing the bolts. Because of their poor condition, I have decided to replace them. However, I have no idea what they are ...
6
votes
1answer
113 views

Can I mix and match cogs from 2 different SRAM cassettes and still expect it to work?

My road bike currently has a 12-25 cassette on it. I really want the cog with 11 teeth instead of the cog with 12 teeth, but I don't want to upgrade to a full 11-32. If I were to install a new 12-25 ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Can double chainrings be used with a clutch-type rear derailleur?

I've been reading up on Sram's CX1 1x11 cyclocross-specific group. It hinges on two technologies to minimize the potential for dropped-chains/chainslap. The CX1 clutch rear-derailleur keeps the chain ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Shifters and internal gears

I have an Airnimal Joey with 8 (internal, Shimano Inter 8) rear gears. I wanted to install drops handlebars and the shifters. I got the Shimano Sora ST-3300-8 Right / Rear 8 Speed Shifter, which I ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I increase the highest gear ratio?

I am looking for some higher cog front gears for an old bike I am considering. I've been away from it for some time and don't know the current number of cogs on the front ring, but I am looking to ...
6
votes
2answers
14k views

How to remove rust from gears?

I have a 2 year old Diamondback bike with gears that have already rusted while living in the desert southwest. I'm not sure how or if they can be cleaned. Also, was something I should have done to ...
5
votes
2answers
997 views

Can you reverse the sprockets on a cassette to lengthen its lifespan?

I know my bike's rear cassette needs replacing, but before I do that, is it feasible to dismantle the 8 sprockets to reverse their spin? Can you increase the lifespan of a cassette by letting the cogs ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

what does a 22 gear bike look like?

I read that road bikes on average have around 22 gears and mountain bikes up to 30-40. But my hybrid only has gears numbered 1-3 on the left hand and gears numbered 1-8 on the right, so my bike's a 8 ...