Gears in the drivetrain of a bike.

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31
votes
5answers
45k views

What are the pros and cons of internal gears?

I've had my hybrid 24-speed for a bit over 3 years now, and just last weekend, when looking for a bike for my wife, discovered internal gears. Suffice to say it blew my mind when I saw 7-speed ...
30
votes
7answers
9k views

What's the efficiency of hub gears compared to derailleurs?

What's the efficiency of hub gears compared to derailleurs. I know that hub gears are not as efficient, a part from being heavier, how much will I loose in performance if I use hub gear?
29
votes
5answers
8k views

Perfectly setting up gears - how?

Every time I have my bike serviced, the bike shop sets up the gears on a stand in their workshop. The gears change perfectly on the stand, but when the bike is on the road, the rear derailleur doesn't ...
24
votes
6answers
2k views

Can you shift both the front and back gears simultanously?

Is it advisable to shift both the front and back gear simultaneously? Can this cause any damage?
14
votes
3answers
28k views

Help Me Understand My Bicycle's Gears

I've recently started commuting with a bicycle (Giant hybrid bicycle). I've been trying to learn a little about bicycling to make my commute easier and my time on the bicycle more enjoyable. Please ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

Should I clean the grease off the gears?

I usually keep my chain well lubricated. However, my gears are usually greasy. Should I be cleaning the gears or are they supposed to be greasy?
13
votes
6answers
7k views

What is the simplest way to lower the gearing on my touring bike?

I have a 2004 Jamis Aurora with a 52/42/30 triple and an 11-32 cassette in the back. 30x32 (25.3 gear inches) being the lowest gear is frustrating for the hilly terrain where I live (e.g., 7% grade ...
12
votes
5answers
3k views

Always cycling in highest gear, why?

For all my life I have noticed that I always cycle in the highest gear (most of my bikes had at least 3x7, so it wasn't a lack of options) whilst most serious cyclists cycle on relatively low gears ...
11
votes
6answers
6k views

How many effective gears do I have on a 21 speed bike?

I have a 21 speed bike (a hybrid commuting bike). But AFAIK, this does not mean that I have 21 different gear ratios. Is there any way to calculate the different gear ratios?
11
votes
3answers
2k views

How to avoid wearing out gears?

I have a Specialized Tricross which I bought new last year. In that time (approximately 1K miles), I wore out my chain and gears. At least two of my gears are still slipping, even with a new chain. ...
9
votes
7answers
14k views

What range of sprockets is useful in a road bike cassette?

My road bike currently has a 27/39/53 crankset and a 13-26 cassette, both of which need to be replaced. I occasionally find myself in both extremes—while heading up the very steep hills of the Bay ...
9
votes
4answers
4k views

How to fix front gear taking 2 shifts just to move onto next cog

I was out on a ride yesterday and several times when I was changing up and down between big chain ring and little chain ring (I only have the 2 rings up front) it required 2 gear changes. The gears ...
9
votes
10answers
17k views

While pedaling standing up, bike crank gives in as if shifting, what is causing this?

While standing up and pedaling, the cranks give in as if shifting. It seams like I am shifting down, but my hands are off the shifter, almost like the chain is skipping a link. I took it to a bike ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Bike not changing correctly between two gears

I have only recently started riding to work and I've been given a bike by a friend which is in reasonably good shape. For the way things are working out I keep the front gear in the same position and ...
8
votes
1answer
894 views

Chain clicks when the back wheel is in highest and lowest gears

When I have my back wheel gears in either the lowest gear or highest gear, my chain clicks as I peddle. How do I fix this?
8
votes
1answer
826 views

Setting chain length

My chain broke and in a moment of silliness (I was cold wet and slightly annoyed) I threw the broken one away before thinking about measuring the new one. Is there a guide to getting the chain ...
7
votes
9answers
29k views

Chain slipping on newish bike

I've looked at most of the answers for related questions and they all speak about replacing parts that are old. I just bought a new bike from a friend who rode the bike for about a month before ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Does gear ratio affect Power?

Let me preface by saying that this may not be the right SE. I considered asking on the Physics SE, but I thought I might try here first. If it is wrong, I am not against it being migrated. From basic ...
7
votes
1answer
991 views

Rear Derailleur Cage Lengths

What effect does the length of the cage on a rear derailleur make to bike setup/shifting?
7
votes
1answer
1k views

I find that I'm always in my highest gear. What options to I have to re-distribute the ratios to a more useful range

I have three gears in the front and 8 in the back, but I always use the highest gear (I live in a flat place) I might drop down one or two gears occationally but this is only a small fraction of the ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Compact crankset, how to use and criticality of cross chaining

I have a road bike with 50/34 compact crankset and 12/27 10sp cassette. While I don't think I could run a 53/39 one given the hills I happen to climb, but sometimes I get the feeling the right gears ...
6
votes
4answers
17k views

Why does my gear slip when going uphill / standing?

I have a road bike that I use to commute ~6 miles to work every day. Some of the portions of the ride are at a steep incline, and I've noticed that when I get up to stand on some of these hills, my ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

What difference does the range of gear size matter?

I get the idea of ratios and the obvious that a smaller gear on the front and a larger one on the back will give you an easier end result but what difference does the range of a chainset or groupset ...
6
votes
4answers
263 views

Electronic shifters

I have been reading alot about the electronic shifters that are out now, specifically the ones on TREK bikes. I was wondering if they are worth the price, and more importantly how do they perform.
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Why does my bike stick in low gears?

When I change into a low gear (i.e. onto a bigger cog) on my back cog all is fine. However, when I later change up again the chain sticks on the larger cog. I commute about 10 miles a day and this has ...
6
votes
4answers
778 views

Comparing gear ratios on different bike types

How can I compare gear ratios on different wheel sizes? How can I compare gear ratios on MTB with tracking bikes with bigger wheels? How can I compare gear ratios with gear hubs?
6
votes
2answers
490 views

Switching to Lower Gears for Climbing

Right now, I've got a SRAM 11/26 cassette. I just moved to San Francisco, and some of the climbs out here (e.g., Mt. Tamalpais) are pretty brutal with over an hour of climbing. My cadence over some of ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the impact of changing to a smaller chainring?

My road bike has a Campagnolo Veloce gearset. It's running 53 and 39 tooth chainrings. I have a 13-25 10sp cassette. I find that a lot of the time when I'm cruising, I'm on the big chainring and in ...
6
votes
2answers
657 views

Can double chainrings be used with a clutch-type rear derailleur?

I've been reading up on Sram's CX1 1x11 cyclocross-specific group. It hinges on two technologies to minimize the potential for dropped-chains/chainslap. The CX1 clutch rear-derailleur keeps the chain ...
6
votes
1answer
732 views

Shifters and internal gears

I have an Airnimal Joey with 8 (internal, Shimano Inter 8) rear gears. I wanted to install drops handlebars and the shifters. I got the Shimano Sora ST-3300-8 Right / Rear 8 Speed Shifter, which I ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

Unable to pedal when in high gears

I'm a complete novice with bicycle maintenance and have a slight problem. I just picked up a 2nd hand bike as taking part in a charity event this weekend and an unfortunate accident meant my mine was ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

Chain skipping on some gears

I have an old cruising bike with 21 gears. A few months ago I was pedalling back home when my chain broke, and I was only able to get the chain replaced this week. After having it replaced I noticed ...
5
votes
5answers
3k views

Gear indicator on SRAM X5 Shifter shows wrong gear

I have SRAM X5 Shifters like this one: The indicator is now showing the gear above the one I'm actually in, so if like the picture it shows a 2 I would actually be in 1 (the smallest chainring), a ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

Can I increase my highest gear ratio?

I have a modern bike (ridgeback meteor '13) and It currently has a 21 speed shimano chainset. I find that going down hills (which I do a lot) and on flats I need a higher gear. Can I do anything to ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I tell if my bike has a freewheel or a cassette?

I bought a Frankenbike off Craigslist. It's a Specialized Rockhopper of unknown year, converted to a commuter, with shocks up front and V-brakes. I love this weird little bike and want to put a ...
5
votes
2answers
8k views

Upgrade Shimano from 9- to 10- speed

I'm thinking of upgrading the 9-speed Tiagra rear mech on one of my (road) bikes to something, still Shimano, but 10-speed. The obvious replacements I'll need are cassette, right-shifter and chain. ...
5
votes
2answers
721 views

Do you need to lubricate gears after cleaning gears and chain?

I just cleaned my gears and chain with a biodegradable degreaser. I'm going to lubricate my chain. Do I also need to lubricate the gears or do I just pedal and make sure that I hit all gears? Will the ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Wrong bike gear

Recently I discovered that my bike's back gears are shifted two gears off constantly. So when it says I'm in 1st gear I'm actually in 3rd and when it says I'm in 2nd I'm actually in 4th. The shifter ...
5
votes
2answers
261 views

What's the deal with the axle of my wheels? (or, why is one gear so much smaller than the other?)

I want to put a smaller set of gears on my bike, but looking at the wheel I see that I already have the smallest gear for my axle. Comparing it to another wheel, I found that the other wheel has a ...
5
votes
3answers
397 views

What happens when a bike has not had maintenance for a long time?

I recently traded my Kent BMX bike I got from Wal-Mart: for a Ross road bike ). My friend tells me the bike sat in his back yard collecting rust, I see it has rust on the chain, the gears, brake ...
5
votes
1answer
504 views

Number of gears for a racer

I am looking to upgrade my racer, I currently have a Bottecchia racer from the mid-80s and it has 14 gears. While looking around for newer racers I noticed that a number of them had 20 gears while ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I increase the highest gear ratio?

I am looking for some higher cog front gears for an old bike I am considering. I've been away from it for some time and don't know the current number of cogs on the front ring, but I am looking to ...
4
votes
6answers
1k views

Group of Bikes: Is 3x1 an option?

I'm an RA for a dorm that is considering buying a number of bikes that would be owned by the dorm and lent out to students. I will be at least in part responsible for maintaining the fleet (about 10 ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Why can't the gear ratio be something like 100:1? Is it practically possible?

I am planning to develop a bicycle on my own for a competition. But the main requirement of it is that it must be able to develop a maximum speed. If I am able to cast the sprockets with gear ratio ...
4
votes
2answers
764 views

Can you reverse the sprockets on a cassette to lengthen its lifespan?

I know my bike's rear cassette needs replacing, but before I do that, is it feasible to dismantle the 8 sprockets to reverse their spin? Can you increase the lifespan of a cassette by letting the cogs ...
4
votes
4answers
7k views

Why are there almost no bikes with a single chainring?

Bikes with two or three chainrings are the norm, and then there are singlespeeds, but except for kids' bikes, you see almost no stock bikes with a single chainring in front but a cassette and ...
4
votes
4answers
5k views

Type of cycle for losing weight and staying fit for a beginner [closed]

Over a year ago I was diagnosed with a collapsed arch in my left foot and despite trying many times I have not been able to get back on the treadmill. I have been thinking of getting a bicycle to ...
4
votes
2answers
734 views

Different Gear Type when there's no Front Derailleur?

I have a 7 speed Jamis Boss Cruiser, 7 gears in back and one up front. I've been using it fine for several months now. Lately, the chain is coming off of the single front gear, usually after stopping ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Is it practical to replace two sprockets on a cassette?

My bike has 53/39T chainrings and a cassette with 12,13,14,15,17,19,21,23,25 sprockets, but I like to ride up steep mountain roads. Is it possible (without great expense) to replace two sprockets to ...
4
votes
3answers
8k views

Adivce on what to do next with crunching / slipping gears

About two weeks ago I took my bike to the local bike shop to get serviced. It was previously slipping gears under load and at the end I couldn't use the lowest gear going up hill it would just slip ...