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9

It's a bit muddy and will probably ultimately be decided by the lawyers, but... According to the John Fahey, the president of WADA: "I am confident and WADA is confident that the USADA acted within the WADA code, and that a court in Texas also decided not to interfere," Fahey said in a telephone interview. "They now have the right to apply a penalty that ...


8

The answer is no. The USADA is over reaching (even is they do have a solid case). The USADA'S authority only extends to the U.S. Olympic, Paralympic, Pan-American and ParaPan American sport. The USADA can only recommend to the UCI that the Armstrong's titles be stripped, and he be banned from professional cycling. It is doubtful that the UCI will accept ...


3

Basically, the intended effect is to increase the number of red blood cells in your system, which in turn gives you increased oxygen carrying capacity to the working muscles. This extra oxygen allows your muscles to work longer and harder. In the early days of "blood packing", circa the 70's and 80's, it was basically taking a couple of pints of blood out ...


2

Blood doping isn't only pumping more blood into your body. Your body increases hemoglobin (red blood cells) when you are in great altitude. This is caused by lower air presure which doesn't allow the lungs to transport enough oxygen into the bloodstream. Therefore the body can increase the ratio of red blood cells in your blood to compensate for the lower ...


1

Here is an excellent article from Outside Magazine written by a journalist who rode brevets and decided to explore performance enhancing drugs (EPO & HGH) and write about it. The really sad thing about these drugs is that they appeal to really talented and dedicated athletes who've reached the pinnacle of their abilities and who have only a very limited ...


1

If the blood is from other individuals then there are a number of hazards, from AIDS and hepatitis to malaria and Lyme disease. Plus there's always a chance of a sort of allergic reaction to the blood due to mismatched antigens. If the blood is "autologous" -- from your own body -- then the above risks are avoided (so long as someone doesn't mix up the ...


1

From the World Anti-Doping Agency: http://www.wada-ama.org/en/Resources/Q-and-A/Blood-Doping/ While proper use of EPO has an enormous therapeutic benefit in the treatment of anaemia related to kidney disease, its misuse can lead to serious health risks for athletes who use this substance simply to gain a competitive edge. It is well known that EPO, by ...



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