Why are hand-built wheels considered to be better than machine-built wheels? I would think that a machine-built wheel would be better and cheaper, since machines generally do a more precise job than humans.

  • Same reason anything hand-made gets lauded as being superior, perceived craftsmanship.
    – GordonM
    Commented Nov 11, 2012 at 22:26

2 Answers 2


I think a machine-built wheel can be just as good as a hand-built one, and vice-versa. This is probably an algorithmically solvable problem, so given fair conditions, whether human or machine - following the same rules for truing a wheel and tensioning the spokes - should achieve indistinguishable results.

There are three factors, though, that enter in the game:

  • There are some "tricks" to improve wheel quality that involve more than just turning the nipples. The most critical one, in my experience, is to properly bend the spokes around the point where they interlace one another, as recommended by Sheldon Brown here (look at the picture with the hammer, and the one where he uses a crankarm to bend the spokes).
  • Humans are better than machines to cope with the unexpected. In case of a malformed nipple or spoke, or any other surprise, a human can identify and correct a fault that a machine could let pass undetected.
  • The very REASON why a factory would choose to use a machine instead of a hand-building scheme has to do with cost-benefit of mass-production. It is not infrequent for this to go hand-in-hand with lower quality. So, a hand-built label would work as a "no-compromise" label for some products.

Hope this helps!

  • 3
    I agree with all of the above. In addition it should be know that "machine built" wheels are checked and re-trued in some factories anyways. I think as you noted a machine is unable to deal with unusual circumstances, and I think the number of cycles of re-truing and stressing spokes is a major player in the need for a human hand. I heartily agree with your comment about price reduction and quality.
    – Glenn
    Commented Nov 11, 2012 at 23:39
  • Checked and re-trued manually*
    – Glenn
    Commented Nov 12, 2012 at 5:48
  • Interesting answer, but I'm curious about your dot points. Do you know for certain that machines do not bend the spokes, etc. during manufacture? For the second point, I also would have thought that there'd be human QA anyway, as @Glenn alludes to, but I don't know for sure either. Finally, I agree with the last point in theory, but it's more of an assertion rather than one that is derived from hard data.
    – Sparhawk
    Commented May 21, 2015 at 22:59
  • I agree the second and third points are a bit speculative, but the "bending-around-crossing" technique gives the spoke a characteristic shape that I haven't seen in any other wheel than the ones I laced myself, be it machine-built or not. So I assume this bending is not usually performed in industry or by local mechanics, but rather only by more crafted wheelbuilders (or ones that read Sheldon Brown a lot). Commented May 22, 2015 at 12:38

One thing is that the spokes need to be different to facilitate the machines doing the lacing (or at least this was once the case, according to Peter White).

But certainly a machine can produce a decent wheel more cheaply than one can hire one hand-built. It's more a question of going beyond "decent" to "better" quality.

(BTW, I recommend building (or rebuilding) your own wheels a few times, if you're reasonably mechanically inclined. There are good step-by-step instructions available from several sources (including Sheldon Brown as mentioned in another reply), and it's a not-too-unpleasant way to occupy a few winter evenings with bike-related stuff when you can't be on the road due to the weather & darkness. You may not even do as well as a machine, but you do get a sense of accomplishment, and it makes wheels less intimidating.)

  • 2
    Also, it's not hard to imagine a situation when you just HAVE to get the hands dirty with a spoke wrench, and when that happens (if at all), having done it before adds a lot of self-confidence and removes a lot of potential trouble. It's also possible, although way less probable, to use that skill to impress some female cycling acquaintances... :o) Commented Nov 12, 2012 at 12:44

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