What's the better braking strategy for steep, technical descents?

  • "Brake hard, then release completely & roll."


  • "Maintain constant pressure on the brakes."
  • Does technical mean slow?
    – bigstones
    Oct 2, 2013 at 20:03
  • ...alas... yes.
    – rphv
    Oct 3, 2013 at 18:07
  • 1
    I guess you already know Vertriders, and others like Max Shumann, Johannes Pistrol, Harald Philipp and Martin Falkner. Maybe one can study what they do in their videos.
    – bigstones
    Oct 3, 2013 at 19:56
  • Awesome question! The good answers below could be improved even further by linking to parts of movies, which depict the discussed points. Similarly to ** bigstones** comment.
    – Vorac
    Oct 14, 2013 at 9:05

2 Answers 2


Aaron's answer is great but since you mention the words "downhill" and "technical descents" the rule of thumb is that "constant pressure on the brakes" is not appropriate. It does not allow you to ride safely, enjoy the ride and evolve as a rider. That's because:

  • brake pads wear
  • brakes heat up so:
    • they don't work very well (brake fade) so you then press the levers even harder which tires you, gives you arm pump thus making you do more mistakes
    • under some circumstances generate air into the system so they need bleeding
  • riding posture is constantly a bit backwards (to compensate on the constant breaking) which is not correct for riding downhill
  • suspensions do not work properly
  • you cannot properly ride bermed (or not) corners

On the other hand, not braking everywhere on the course will let you go over obstacles, roots, rocks easier. That's especially important for the front wheel which, even when under minimal braking, when it hits an obstacle it doesn't react very well. It transmits a lot of feedback on the handlebars and unless you know what you are doing may give you slight problems (regarding riding stance, line choice, balance) which is something that is not welcome when riding downhill.

Note though that riding downhill is hard. If you find yourself unable to do proper braking on a course then maybe it's too steep for you. Find a flatter course and try to master all of its parts with minimal and purposeful braking.


Short answer: depends.

Long answer:

Braking is as much a style as other parts of riding, but there are some general guidelines. The longer you hold those brakes, the more the heat will build up and braking performance will decrease. You'll also burn through pads a lot faster that way. On the other hand, sudden braking puts quite a bit of stress on the bike all the way from the rotor through the fork/rear triangle, to the handlebars and chain. It also changes the way the suspension moves through it's travel.

When should use either of these methods? I generally use a longer, controlled brake when descending a steep chute that requires a bit more technical riding or doesn't have a great runout after the rough bits. Quick braking is useful when you're plowing into a corner and need to scrub some speed quick or plan on drifting around it. You can also brake right before dropping in to a section so that the wheels roll over the rocks and roots instead of sliding and then roll out the bottom.

Really it's going to come down to how you ride and where you like to make speed changes. Experiment and find what's comfortable and what meets your needs. If you're trying to carry crazy speed you might find a quick, hard brake is more beneficial, etc.

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