I few years ago I got into cycling again to help keep fit. I still had my mountain bike from when I did some easy trail riding.

I'm mainly riding on the road now and I was wondering if I can change the crankset or cassette might give me a little more speed. A couple of months into the warm weather and I top out the gears even on a slight downgrade.

There's one very hilly ride I do and the toughest hill I'll sometimes go as low as the second or third lowest gear in the beginning of the season until I get used to riding again. I only ride when it's warm out. If anyone's in the NYC/NJ area it's the hill by the Englewood Cliffs boat basin in PIP.

I have an old Gary Fisher Gitche Gumme (specs in link I think the same year) which has:

  • Shimano Altus, 24/34/42 teeth crankset
  • 7-speed, 11 - 28 teeth cassette. (Actually cassette might be 8 spd 11-30)
  • Shimano Altus top-swing, top-pull front derailleur
  • Shimano BB-CT91E, 116mm spindle bottom bracket

In a year or so I might get a road bike but hoping I can get a little more life out of this one. I saw the Shimano FC-M131 48/38/28T 175mm which I like because I'd prefer longer cranks and also the FC-M311 48/38/28% 170mm which both seem like reasonable upgrades to make to a bike this old.

I have no idea if these will fit the bottom bracket I currently have (which seems fine) or if I'll need a new one. Or would I be better off changing the cassette?

I'm not looking to win any races or set any mileage records just don't want to keep hitting the top gear and not having any resistance while pedaling.

I don't know enough bike parts to know if the 2 cranksets I mentioned are easy to swap on my bike or not and would appreciate input from someone who knows more or recommendations on other cranksets that would fit better. The 2 currently are going for 30USD and I don't want to put more than 50-60 into this old bike.


I haven't changed anything on the bike. I have been working on my cadence and that seemed to be the best approach. With my increased cadence I'm rarely topping out the gears on level roads. Keeping the tires at the upper range of pressure helped too.

  • 1
    Did the same thing last month (because the chainrings were worn). Got a 175mm 48t crankset off Amazon. I cannot feel any change due to the crank arm length. The 48t I use quite rarely, for example for situations like the one you describe. Cost me about 65USB. Don't sink too much money into a $300 bike.
    – Vorac
    Dec 25, 2013 at 6:54
  • @Vorac thanks. I ride mostly on the 42t ring unless it's hilly. I saw the cranksets going for $30 which seems like a reasonable amount. Just not sure if I can swap just the crankset.
    – Sproxno
    Dec 25, 2013 at 13:20
  • When you swap the cranckset be sure that it is designed for 7 gears. The more speeds - the narrower chain - the smaller interval between chainrings on the crack.
    – Alexander
    Dec 25, 2013 at 18:03
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    Is it right to assume you've already put slick tyres on there? If not, I'd do this first before worrying about your groupset, it'll be more bang for your buck.
    – PeteH
    Dec 25, 2013 at 22:00
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    What's wrong with topping out on a downgrade?? You want to have your top gear such that your speed at normal cadence will be the highest speed you're willing to expend energy to achieve on the flat. Trying to go downhill faster simply burns energy needlessly, since the actual increase in speed is negligible, and you lose low-end or in-between gearing. May 24, 2014 at 17:41

3 Answers 3


Since you already have an 11 tooth smallest cog you're not going to be able to swap that for a smaller on. Well, you can get a 10T cassette but I don't recommend it, they're designed for small wheel bikes where the faster wear on that cog is just part of the deal.

Swapping to a road triple crankset should be do-able, and with any luck your front derailleur will work with the new one. A cheapish 30-39-50 is about $60 on ebay or amazon, so probably a bit over $US100 fitted if you go to a bike shop. But since you'll need extra chain to wrap around the bigger chainrings, best budget for a new chain and rear cassette (normally those get replaced together. See here and here for why) which will probably be another $100 or so. Call it $250, but ask for a quote because this is a pretty standard swap.

If you're unlucky you might need a different length bottom bracket ($50-ish), or a new front derailleur (plus gear cable, $100-ish). Those are things the bike shop probably won't know until they start fitting parts to your bike, so the only way you'll get a certain quote up front is if they decide to replace them regardless.

That will give you noticeably higher gears across the board, but obviously you lose the low gears (you'll effectively lose your smallest chainring and gain a much bigger one at the other end.

Or fit a slightly larger MTB triple. That will give you less gain in range but is more likely to work with your current derailleur and bottom bracket. You can easily get 28/38/48 sets, and the difference in the top gear between 48T and 50T is small. But that's the problem - you're going from 44 to 48 or 50T, and while either will be noticeable, it's not as much as you might think.

The difference is in how easy it is to go even bigger. On a road triple getting a 52/54T chainring is easy, but with an MTB crankset those chainrings get pricey if you can find them at all. We have a local manufacturer who CNC cuts chainrings, so we can get anything we like. I expect people like that are on the web as well, but you'd have to look (and try to buy local since you're fairly likely to want to swap them when they don't work on your bike because they're too big).

A completely different approach would be to fit fat slick tyres. Or even fat knobbly ones. If you're riding for fitness, the extra drag (and very slightly higher gearing) will be just what you want. Schwalbe make their "fat frank" tyres as big as your bike will take, or "Big Apple" out to 2.5". The big tyres will be noticeably harder to push along at the same speed. And remember, as the cops here keep telling us "the faster you go, the bigger the mess". Going fast just because you can, rather than because you have somewhere to go, doesn't make a lot of sense. I commute ~20km each way on a nice comfortable upright commuter bike that will go 30kph if I push. So I get fitter faster for the same distance ridden. And when I'm lazy I pull out my drop bar racer and do the same ride in 3/4 of the time (33% faster average speed). But I'm more likely to crash on that bike, and if I do it'll hurt more.

  • Thanks for the detailed input. The only reason I'm considering this is because I can get the 2 cranksets I mentioned for around 30USD. That plus a crank puller is about all I'm willing to spend on this. Anything more and I'll put it in a new bike fund. Don't know much about bike parts. Any idea if the 2 cranksets I mentioned will work with my bb? Will any BB fit in my bike or do I have to worry about that too?
    – Sproxno
    Dec 25, 2013 at 13:33
  • 2
    Before making a crank change measure the clearance between your current ringgear and the chain stay. Some frames are wide enough that the bigger ring gear will contact the chainstay.
    – mikes
    Dec 25, 2013 at 13:57
  • 3
    The swapping of the crankset probably won't work with the derailleur and everything else. The best you can probably do is the slickest tires you can find and pedal harder (a lot of people think they need higher gearing when they really are using too low of a cadence). Its probably better to save the money for a bit and then get a (cheap/used) road bike.
    – Batman
    Dec 25, 2013 at 15:11
  • 1
    Fitting larger triple cranck might demand the derailleur to be replaced.
    – Alexander
    Dec 25, 2013 at 18:06
  • @Batman thanks. It sounds like it won't be as cheap and easy as I thought. I think I'll put the money towards a stationary trainer and work on improving my cadence over winter and just wait until I get a road bike.
    – Sproxno
    Dec 25, 2013 at 18:47

Bottom bracket sizes needed :-

For M131 :- BB-UN 26 Length - 122.5mm For M311 :- BB-UN 26(K) length 123 mm

A little late in seeing this post but hope it helps. I upgraded my hybrid but needed to replace my bb as there was much wider difference as I was only on a single, I was surprised how wide it was, any smaller and inner teeth won't get the proper line and chain will rub on the inner off the chainstay.


First, assuming a pedal rpm of 90, your speed with the 42/11 would be about 26.5-27 mph. with a 48/11, 30-30.5 mph.

The cranks must be compatible with the bottom bracket; for example, square taper. With the 6 tooth larger chain-ring, you may need to replace the front derailleur. You'll need a longer chain with a larger chain-ring. And remember, your low gears will also be somewhat higher due to the larger chain-rings.

  • I guess the first "48/11" in your answer should be a "42/11", right? Jul 11, 2014 at 8:29

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