A very brief answer to part of your question. Perhaps you or others can leverage this to produce a more complete answer, unless Alex or Robert chime in :-)
As you probably know, CdA is the product of the frontal area, A, and a coefficient of drag, Cd. It is also known as the "drag area." In most cycling applications, the area is measured in square meters, so a cyclist with a CdA of 0.30 has a drag area of 0.30 m^2.
AFAIK there are few studies that have been released for pro cyclists, although these days several of the pro teams say they do wind tunnel testing. Maybe that's just PR.
There are multiple academic papers that relate to this. Once you have one you can follow the trail of citations to others. Currently the most famous is probably
Martin, Millikan, Cobb, McFadden, and Coggan. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 1998, 14, 276-291.
A copy can be found here
In their experiments they used six volunteers. Not pro cyclists. The volunteers rode in the time trial position.They say the average drag area was 0.264 m^2 for an average body mass of 71.9 kg. See the paper for more details.
In another post on this site Simmons measures his own CdA at 0.334m^2 on a road bike compared to 0.286m^2 on a TT bike, a 14% reduction.
Alex's post gives some other references that can be followed. Several of his other posts will be helpful also.
So the CdA depends on the cycling position. In my own models, I find a CdA of .3 m^2 gives a good fit for my performance on a road bike. I'm 70 kg.
Andy Coggan has also collected some rough rules of thumb for estimating CdA from anthropometric data like height and weight here.