16

What (if anything) will happen to a bike whilst it sits unused, that wouldn't happen to it whilst being used for a work commute over the same period?

Suppose I take a 3 month sabbatical and leave my bike locked up and secure, in the same place that it would normally be (outside, moderately exposed to the elements). When I come back 3 months later would I have to do/check/refurbish anything that I wouldn't have had to do from just using it daily for 3 months (and still outside the whole time)?

Is the answer different if it's "2 years", or "3 weeks" rather than 3 months?

  • 2
    I have a felling we have a question which answers this already, but do you have the option of storing the bike indoors? – Batman May 8 '17 at 12:40
  • @Batman Not trivially. I imagine I could, with some effort, if it was going to make any significant difference. (I've editted to clarify that the long-term lock-up is the same place it would be overnight anyway if used daily) – Brondahl May 8 '17 at 12:58
  • 1
    Maybe take a look at this question about storing a bike outdoors. – Kibbee May 8 '17 at 13:06
  • Lend it to a friend and ask them to ride and maintain it, and store it inside. – Criggie May 8 '17 at 19:58
  • 3
    If you can't store it properly, sell it. Having too many physical possessions ties us down. – Criggie May 9 '17 at 0:34
23

Of course things rust in normal use, but rust without moving is worse as things stick together.

  • Even if the chain is generously oiled (more so than normal) before storage you'll get rust and probably stiff links. Any gears made out of normal steel will also rust (a light coating of spray-oil will reduce but not stops this -- I use GT85 on my outdoor bike, make sure you don't get it on the rims).

  • If your rims are steel (mainly old bikes) they may rust under the chrome plating.

  • Brakes pads and rims are likely to be dirty, which will affect braking performance. I'd clean them with plain water at first; if greasy use alcohol.

  • Most brake cables are stainless, but especially on old bikes there are braking components that aren't. A good hard squeeze of both levers before you start riding would be a good idea, and try the brakes cautiously on the first ride before you get to traffic.

  • The tyres will need pumping up. When you do so check for cracks in them. And test the pressure again soon afterwards as the tubes may not hold air as well as you think. It may be a good idea to pump up the tyres to slightly over the stated max pressure then leave the bike a few hours before reducing the pressure to normal and riding.

  • Gear shifting components may well rust. I've found rear derailleurs to suffer more than front derailleurs. Again storing dry (of water) and oiled will help.

  • Some locks rust badly. If your lock gets too rusty you may not be able to open it. Some bike lock manufacturers recommend oil -- if yours does, follow that recommendation. Keeping the keyhole downwards may help, but water can run into locks from other directions too.

A non-mechanical factor:

  • Don't assume it's as secure left in the same place for months (and certainly not years) as it is left overnight. The landowner may have a good (or bad) reason to remove what seem like abandoned bikes, a thief might think "no one will miss that, I'll have it". You can't neglect the possibility of vandalism or careless damage especially if a bike appears abandoned.

The difference for 2 years is that the degradation is more certain, leading to your bike being more likely to be scrapped as abandoned. If the bike isn't special enough to take with you it's probably better to sell it and replace it when you get back as after a couple of years it will probably need more than it's worth spent on it. A few weeks doesn't seem much worse than a weekend if you oil everything and can keep the worst of the rain off (I do this several times a year under the edge of a canopy on a station platform).

  • While not wrong, this answer is very long while boiling down to "it will rust or will not be there anymore when you come back". Are there no other factors to consider (i.e., oils/fats/hydraulic fluids changing, material "aging", plastics (like saddle, braking pads etc.) changing for the worse, etc.)? If there are no other problems with age than the quite obvious rust and landlords, I believe, while not explicitely asked, it would be good to explicitely say that they are not a problem. – AnoE May 9 '17 at 8:24
  • @AnoE I mention checking the tyres for degradation whihc is worse if they're not used/pumped up. Over the timescales listed I don't think there's any difference in degradation between used and unused for the other components, which is what the question asked for. I was trying not to make it too long. – Chris H May 9 '17 at 11:09
6

In addition to the answer offered by Chris H, with which I agree, I would add the following items:

  • Your local climate will play a big role in how parts will degrade over time when stored outdoors. A damp and humid environment will result in more rusting, while a sunny and dry environment will be harder on plastic, rubber, and other "soft" parts.
  • Another thing to consider is the various lubricants throughout the bike. Sometimes they can break down or separate. For instance, heavy greases used in bearings can separate such that there is a thicker gel and a thinner liquid. Furthermore, high temperatures (either ambient or due to heating by sunlight) can cause the lighter components of greases and oils to evaporate, leaving behind a slightly waxy substance that doesn't lubricate as well. I have seen this when restoring old bikes, and though I cannot say with certainty how long it takes to happen, I would think it would be more than three months. Still, I would think it best to check (or have checked by a shop) the various lubricated components when you return.
  • 2
    I've only known grease to go bad after many years, but in a worse (hotter) climate it could be a lot quicker – Chris H May 8 '17 at 17:28
4

In addition to rust&dust, the saddle can go bad. I kept my bicycle outside without riding it for about a month, the saddle became as damp as a used diaper. Probably won't happen in dry climate or with the cheapest type of saddle (e.g. those stamped out of something like a thick sheet of rubberized pressurized artificial leather).

  • Goo dpoint. Saddles with stiching are the worst for this, or moulded foam/plastic with cracks. – Chris H May 9 '17 at 11:11
3

Tires can crack or dry rot and fail when pumped back to pressure, especially gumwalls exposed to UV-heavy sunlight.

This is more likely in the 2-year timeframe than 3 months, but a common issue on old bikes donated to bike coops.

  • This would still happen with daily commute. Tires on a daily commuter probably wear out before this happens though. – mattnz May 8 '17 at 22:04
  • @mattnz It depends on the length of the commute. I do 3 miles/day on the bike I keep at this end; despite being heavy I'm unlikely to wear out even cheap tyres. On my main bike I'll probably wear out a pair of marathon plus before they could degrade. – Chris H May 9 '17 at 11:11
0

I found that after leaving my horse alone for a good long(ish) time, the rubber between the rims & tubes, disintegrated pretty bad. Could cause tube damage from exposed spokes tips in the rims.

  • Horse? I think that might be a mistranslation (of steed perhaps.) – Chris H Jul 26 '17 at 12:31
  • Odd - rim tape is pretty well protected and tends to last a very long time. If you had some old tube cut-up doing the job of rim tape then that's anothe rmatter. – Criggie Jul 27 '17 at 2:50
  • I can't understand what this answer is trying to say, as it's unclear what rubber is being talked about. Voting to delete, since the author hasn't returned to the site since posting it so is unlikely to clarify by editing. But if it is made clear, I'd be happy to keep it. – David Richerby Jul 28 '17 at 19:50

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.