I recently purchased a second-hand bicycle. I found that the back wheel was not spinning freely, and was rubbing against the disk break, so I adjusted the position of the wheel to the right. After this adjustment, my bicycle could no longer shift to all of the back gears. It has 8 gears in the back, but it could only reach the 2nd largest gear.
- It has Shimano rear derailleurs.
- It has microSHIFT twist-type shifters.
- It uses metal cables for shifting.
I found an on-line videos and spend an hour of trial and error adjusting the B-tension adjustment, barrel adjustment, and "L" and "H" screws. None of my results seemed to lead anywhere. I found that if I pushed the derailleur manually, it never could extend far enough to reach the largest gear.
After this tinkering, and learning how the rear derailleur works, and what the various adjustments do, the bicycle now entirely refuses to shift gears.
- The gears in the front and back will not shift.
- The front derailleur previously worked perfectly. Now it has stopped working, even though I did not make any adjustments to it.
- I attempted to manually move the rear derailleurs, and the gears still do not shift.
- Manually pulling on the cables does not cause the derailleurs to move, the cables seem unwilling the budge.
- I disassembled the rear-gear shifter, and tried manually tugging on the cable, but it won't budge. Should this be really hard to pull?
How can I diagnose why the bike refuses to shift gears?
Photo from top of rear wheel:
Photo from side of rear wheel:
Per the suggestions, I have checked the derailleur and hanger.
- The hanger seems to be in good shape.
- I was able to fix the alignment of the derailleur by removing the chain and wheel. Now it seems to move correctly.
However, turning the shifter does not pull the cable at all. I will entirely replace the shifter and shifter cable, unless someone has other suggestions.