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I would like to change the chain, cassette, and the chainring of my bike. The cassette has 7 speed and chainring has 3. Is any combination of 7 speed cassette and 3 speed chainring built by any manufacture compatible? How should I choose the proper chain? Does any kind of chain from any manufacture work?

  • Are you sure the bike even has a cassette rather than a freewheel? Is the bike worth enough and in need of these replacements? 3x7's are older bikes or bso's these days, so my crystal ball says that this might not be worth doing (esp. if you include labor/tools costs). – Batman Dec 21 '17 at 2:00
  • @Batman plenty of cheap bikes from around 15 years ago had 7-speed cassettes like this one which is £15. A Tourney crankset is +£30 plus £7 for the chain -- a whole new drivetrain for £50 without shopping around. Well worth it if you're actually going to ride the bike (and either the crankset will last forever or you'll put a lot of miles on the bike) – Chris H Dec 21 '17 at 16:24
  • @batman I have a 6 speed and a 7 speed cassette, so they did exist. – Criggie Dec 21 '17 at 19:18
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Bicycle chains are standardized. In general, cassettes, chains and chainrings are compatible with each other across manufacturers.

You just have to make sure you select a chain and chainrings that are compatible with the number of sprockets in the cassette. The number of rings on the crank does not matter.

(The difference is driven by the need for progressively closer spacing of the sprockets in the cassette as the number of sprockets increases. Chains for more speeds have to be narrower, which also affects chainring spacing and design.)

6, 7 and 8 speed systems all use the same chain width. Any manufacturers 6/7/8 speed chain will work for you. Similarly, any chainrings that fit your crank spider, and are designed for 6/7/8 speed systems will work.

SRAM and Shimano use the same free-hub body 'HyperGlide' standard (introduced by Shimano) so their cassettes are interchangeable. Other manufacturers such as SunRace use this standard too. Just check that cassettes are specified as Shimano / SRAM compatible.

A couple of notes.

  • A cassette is technically a stack of sprockets that fits on a free-hub style wheel hub, where the freewheel mechanism is built into the hub. There is a older standard known as a free-wheel where the freewheel mechanism and sprockets come as one piece. If you have an older or inexpensive bike you should check which you have.

  • If you replace the cassette you must replace the chain, as a worn chain will very quickly wear out cassette sprockets. Chainrings wear slowest. It's worth inspecting all three as one or two may not need replacing.

  • If you are thinking of larger chainrings or a cassette with a larger largest sprocket, you need to check if your rear derailleur can handle the increased difference between smallest and largest sprockets.

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You need a 7 speed chain, cassette, and chainring. You can mix manufacturer but most people just pick one.

With cassette and chainrings you will have a maximum hi to lo range based on the derailleur. If you stay close to what you have now you should be good. Check the chainring for wear. You may not have worn them all out.

If this is a dup sorry. I will delete.

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  • Thank you for your answer. I want to know how I can choose a cassette and chainring that will work together. Can I buy any 7 speed cassette and 3 speed chainring so that they are compatible? As I understood the chain size depends on the cassette. Does chainring type depend on the cassette too? – MOON Dec 20 '17 at 23:53
  • I thought I was clear. "You need a 7 speed chain, cassette, and chainring." The chainring is not 3 speed - there are 3. – paparazzo Dec 20 '17 at 23:56

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