I have a bike which is about a year old. I went to ride it yesterday and saw the back wheel wobbling.

Is it a major problem or a easy fix?

Please help.

enter image description here

  • There are several different possible causes of a "wobbly" wheel. Impossible to diagnose without further investigation. Commented Jun 1, 2018 at 20:45
  • It's not difficult to see if it's the bearing. I read that the ball is first damaged, then the cones, the cup. If it's true, after changing the ball we should try to change the cones.
    – JinSnow
    Commented Oct 8, 2022 at 13:40

2 Answers 2


There are a few things that could be described as a 'wobbly' wheel.

Hold the rear wheel off the ground, grab the tire at the 12 o'clock and 9 o'clock (from the chain side of the bike), try to move the rim sideways. If the wheel feels like it is moving (wobbling) on the axle (other that rotating), the hub bearings are damaged or need adjusting. Your local bike repair store can tell you if they can repair the hub, or if a new wheel is required.

Hold the rear wheel off the ground, spin the wheel, watch the rim relative to the brake pads. If the rim looks like it is moving in and out relative to the pads (wobbling) as it spins, the rim is out of true. If it moves a few millimeters, it wont really affect the bike. Any more, or if the rim is hitting the brake pads, the rim needs to be trued. Again, your local bike repair store can fix that for you.

Lastly, the tire may have become uncentered on the rim. If the rim runs true but the tire does not, you can deflate the tire and push and pull it to re-seat the bead on the rim.

  • Yep, those are the big three. Commented Jun 1, 2018 at 23:43
  • the hub bearings are damaged I would say needs adjustment more likely than damaged as such.
    – Henry Crun
    Commented Jun 2, 2018 at 13:28
  • 1
    the rim is out of true Check for a broken spoke (they break at the hub end), and replace if you find one - if you leave a broken spoke for long, more break, and trueing gets harder.
    – Henry Crun
    Commented Jun 2, 2018 at 13:34
  • @HenryCrun good point - you could make "broken spoke" an answer in its own right. We can clearly see rust in the photo.
    – Criggie
    Commented Jun 2, 2018 at 22:26

A possibility not already mentioned is a broken axle: I had the axle on my 25-year-old mountain bike break while riding and although I noticed the tire was wobbling, it wasn't until I got to my destination that I realized what had happened. The axle had snapped in the middle (inside the hub), but the bearings stayed in place becuse the seat and chainstays were essentially applying compression force to the axle. I'm sure the inside of the hub was damaged from the broken ends rubbing but I've never looked to be sure.

  • The freehub can also come loose, and this looks very much as if the axle is broken (as one set of bearings is in the freehub). I had this happen, but it was a while after I had replaced the freehub, and obviously been sloppy in tightening or seating it properly. I doubt it would happen unless you had replaced the cluster and undone or replaced the freewheel.
    – Henry Crun
    Commented Jun 3, 2018 at 3:20

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