Do you think there is still some innovation that can be done to cycle wheels? Like changing the cycle spokes pattern? Or is it already in an optimised state?
I’m not aware of any significant innovations in the last 4000 years. The spoked wheel was invented 2200–1550 BCE.
Sure, we have carbon rims and spokes now, straightpull spokes, disc wheels, tri-spoke wheels, tubeless tires, disc brakes …
But all of those have really been mostly incremental improvements. So judging from the past it’s unlikely much will change in the future.
Everything is always in an optimised state. You just have to ask what it is optimised for.
For example, todays racing bikes are not optimised for speed: they are optimised to remain functionally unchanged , and energetically comparable to 80 years ago.
A speed optimised track bike would have 12", 250psi tyres, disc wheels, a horizontal body position, and full fairing.
[Think about how much energy is wasted by the upper part of 700C wagon wheels, which are traveling over 150km/h wind speed in a 200m time trial]