The normal delta style trike has one wheel in front and two wheels in back. The inexpensive “adult trikes” have an upright seating position much like a Dutch bike.
Most of these adult trikes don’t have a rear differential and only one rear wheel is driven. So when you pedal, the bike tends to want to veer in one direction or another. You quickly get used to this as a rider.
To make things cheaper for the manufacturer (and because many of these trikes have one-sided wheelchair style rear hubs/axles) they also have a simple band brake on the driven axle or coaster brake. So braking makes the bike veer in the opposite direction than pedaling it does. You’re never going that fast on these so it’s not that critical.
With just one braking wheel in back, you actually want a relatively crappy brake such as a band brake because if you lock one of the rear wheels by braking too hard you could easily have the bike whip out of control. So if you want effective brakes, you need them on both rear wheels.
So it would be great to have disk brakes on both rear wheels on adult trikes but it’d take mounting brake bosses to the frame near both wheels. The left wheel would also need a disk brake that is designed to go on the opposite side it normally expects to be. Things get expensive. In any case, it’s a lot of extra work and not worth it for most adult trikes which are designed to a price point.
Many tadpoles and delta recumbents do have brakes on both sides as they’re designed for faster speeds and more expert riders. But they’re custom made and more expensive. For example, this Hase has dual rear disk brakes: