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The front derailleur on my old bike is giving me some problems, it shifts only after 3-4 presses on the shifter, and the chain rubs on the front derailleur and makes this grinding noise. I was thinking of replacing the derailleur anyway as its a low-end Sora.

I have an FSA crankset (53-39), the rear cassette is 10-speed. How can I find out which front derailleurs will be compatible with my crankset?

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    Poor shifting is almost certainly a worn cable; grinding noises indicate poor adjustment. Replacing a front derailleur isn't a huge deal but (a) you probably don't need to and (b) if you replace the derailleur without replacing the cable, the new one won't work much better than the old one. – David Richerby Apr 19 at 17:59
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The problem is almost certainly not with the derailleur itself. It's probably badly adjusted (sounds like you have too much slack in the shift cable). Another issue that leads to bad shifting is the cable may be sticking in the housing.

Checking for a sticky is easy, with the bike off the ground, shift to the big ring and then down to the small ring while watching the derailleur. If it does not move as soon as the the cable is sticking. Remove it, clean and lubricate or replace along with the housing.

Work through a step-by-step front derailleur adjustment process (you'll need to do this if you replace the cable or derailleur anyway).

Shimano very helpfully published their specifications here: https://productinfo.shimano.com/#/spec, and compatibility charts here: https://productinfo.shimano.com/#/com/.

Note there is a link to archive docs in the top right of those pages if you want to research older products.

You'll need a derailleur that can accomodate a 53 tooth ring, obviously; but the major compatibility issue isn't with the crank, it's with the shifter. You can figure out what shifter you have use the compatibility charts to find a compatible derailleur.

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