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What are the characteristic features of a bicycle well-fitted to its rider?

Are there a standard set of "rider positions" that we talk about in bicyle ergonomics?

What are the standard tolerances and variances of these heuristics in practice?

How do these features vary by domain (eg. road, mountain, grocery-getter)?

How do these features vary by application (eg. racing, touring, recreation, practical)?


Related (but not duplicate):

closed as too broad by Swifty, Argenti Apparatus, David Richerby, mattnz, Criggie May 4 at 5:17

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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    Welcome to Bicycles Stack Exchange. People have written books about this subject and there a whole bike-fit industry in place to implement it, which is why you are getting 'to-broad' close votes. Perhaps you can narrow your question so someone can give a reasonably short answer. – Argenti Apparatus May 3 at 15:23
  • Please ask practical questions that help you in your cycling efforts. This is really far too big. For a start, read the "related" linked Q&A on the right side of the page. – Criggie May 4 at 5:17
  • @criggie et al. Is there scope for this to be a community wiki like the terminology index with some basic ideas about some of the major riding styles? – Swifty May 4 at 9:56
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    @Swifty No. Community wiki is for collaborative versions of posts that would, in principle, still be appropriate for one person to write. It's just a way to lower the bar for editing, not a way of bypassing site standards. Questions should almost never be community wiki, and "make it CW" is basically never the answer to "This question is inappropriate for Stack Exchange." – David Richerby May 4 at 11:44
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    @Swifty probably not - there are whole books written on the field - its just too big to write up here. If OP had more specific problems like "my pinkies go numb on drop bars" then that's much more bite-sized and can be answered in a couple paragraphs. Good thinking though. – Criggie May 4 at 11:58
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To distil an entire field down to a short answer....

The bicycle should be comfortable to the rider and for the rider's intended use.

How you go about getting to that state of comfort is a slightly longer-answer, and too big for this space.

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