Just researching some bikes online and, being from the UK, I cannot find any bikes on US websites called 'touring bikes', as we'd commonly call them in the UK. By this, I mean bikes which come with front/rear racks for panniers and (usually) drop handlebars, along with a steel frame for extra durability but a bit more weight.
I have seen gravel bikes come up a fair bit but am not sure that they are the same thing as many don't appear to have front/rear racks.
I have done Google Image and Pinterest searches but I'm still confused.
Any clarification would be greatly appreciated.