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I'm interested in converting my carpe 40 into an electric bike.

I was wondering what are the pros and cons between having a dedicated ebike frame vs a DIY approach that involves a new front or rear wheel.

My current bike's rear hub has a modern freehub body with a cassette and not a freewheel.

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You're asking two distinct questions here.

1) DIY vs Store Bought.

Do a DIY if you're mechanically inclined and will enjoy the project as hobby time.
Do a DIY if you have some classic frame you love.
Do a DIY if you want an off-road only high powered beast of a bike.

There are certainly some very cheap kits going around on Amazon etc. I would be very dubious of a deal where you appear to get an entire eBike conversion kit for hardly more than what would be the wholesale cost of just the raw battery cells if it were a name-brand battery! (also remember to add all the tools you're going to need to the apparent cost if you don't already have a kitted bike shop.)

Buy it at a store (from an actual bike shop that also services that brand of motor) if you just want a street legal bike to get around town.

2) mid-drive vs hub-drive holy war very high level generalizations (I own both don't flame me) (yes some of these are not actually about the drive methodology but what's commonly available in which form from stores vs online etc. they're generalizations)

Mid-drive Pros

  • motor torque is going through your drive train so gearing can amplify it for demanding climbs
  • major retail brands have torque sensors in the crank, results in much more natural "bike that helps me out" feel when riding.
  • the major brands have large dealer networks that can service them

Mid-drive Cons

  • some designs may have more failure modes where you can't pedal home if the motor breaks
  • motor torque is going through your drive train, may wear out drive trains faster

Geared Hub-drive Pros

  • simpler and cheaper, if it does break just the motor is not $$$ to replace
  • anecdotally much less likely to break in the first place. Don't know of actual data specifically for bikes. (The fundamental motor design is simple and well proven. Some mid-drive designs are very complicated with lots of gearing)
  • Throttle is more readily available if legal and you care for it (although there are more mid-drive bikes with throttles lately.)

Geared Hub-drive Cons

  • less expensive models don't have torque sensors, only cadence sensors. Results in a bike that can feel "pushy" and less natural. I've ridden some that basically feel like an electric dirt bike that happens to have pedals on it. (Maybe that's your preference and this isn't a Con :) )
  • on-line only retailers may end up with you waiting for weeks for service or needing to know how to thread your own wheels to replace a motor.

Direct Hub-drive

  • No
  • is it possible to have a motor really powerful motor when am offroad but 250w when am on the road? it's just that i really hate/suck at climbing hills. i just want to fly up the hills. – Ageis Sep 10 '19 at 10:13
  • by direct hub drive you mean the diy kits that njust swap the wheel and you have an ebike? – Ageis Sep 10 '19 at 10:19
  • if so why no ? are they just a gimmick for ppl who want a quick solution – Ageis Sep 10 '19 at 10:19
  • 'Direct' means the output shaft of the motor directly drives the hub. The ubiquitous 500W Bafang hub motor is a geared hub motor. the output of the electric motor drives the hub through a planetary reduction gear. The only upside to direct drive really is regenerative coasting is possible – Affe Sep 10 '19 at 17:46

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