This might be the sort of question to ask Selle Anatomica. However, here is an educated guess based on the part descriptions.
Generally, we know that aluminum has a lower yield strength than steel: in lay terms, aluminum can withstand a smaller amount of force before it fails. Also, given the same external diameter and material, I'm pretty sure a hollow tube is weaker than a solid rod. (NB: given the same mass, a hollow tube is stronger than a solid rod).
Assume the balance of the saddle construction apart from the frame and seat rails is identical. Selle Anatomica may believe or they may have proof that the X2, with an aluminum frame and tubular steel rails, is weaker than the X1, i.e. the entire structure's yield strength is lower.
However, their own descriptions are confusing. This sentence about the X2 directly contradicts their usage ratings, emphasis mine:
The new frame used with our Series 2 saddles is lighter weight, stronger, and user serviceable.
Also, they say that the X2 is, emphasis mine:
Designed for cyclists who ride less than 50 miles per week and/or weigh between 120 and 190 pounds
And about the X1:
Designed for cyclists who ride more than 100 miles per week and/or weigh between 120 and 190 pounds
I'd hypothesize that the literature was written by a product manager who did not really think through how the yield strength of the X1 and X2 might compare. In any case, given the plain language of the descriptions, you should be able to ride either saddle if you are between 120 and 190 lbs. By implication, if you are over 190 lbs, Selle Anatomica might think that you are better off on the X1, assuming that the X1 actually has a higher yield strength. Also, the language is a bit sloppy.