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I am looking to swap from a Shimano 105 standard 53-39 crankset to a 50-34 compact crankset.

My question is: will I need to adjust the height of the derailleur when changing to the new crankset?

And what else do I need to be aware of while buying the new crankset for this swap? Will any shimano crankset fits with my shimano drivetrain? etc.

Also my old crankset is a 10 speed and the new one i’m looking to get is 11. But as far as i’m concerned it should works just fine, maybe a bit less smooth when shifting.

Thank you

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The front derailleur height always needs to be adjusted when making this switch. You should assume the front derailleur will need to be completely re-adjusted.

Dropping in a crank for a higher speed generation than the chain you're running usually results in some degree of rub between the chain and the large ring when in some of the small/small combinations. In some cases you might get chainsuck-type issues with the chain riding up on the ramps in these combinations too. The problem can typically be solved with chainring spacers. I do a set of Wheels Mfg 0.6mm spacers preemptively and it usually works.

Hypothetically, going from a 14t gap to 16t you could exceed your rear derailleur total capacity. In practice, the max cog and total capacity numbers of road RDs for some time now have been set up to avoid this possibility.

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  • If I read the question correctly, they're looking to change from 14 to 24 tooth gap. – ojs Aug 25 at 7:08
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If your bike has a Shimano external bearing bottom bracket, a newer Shimano crank will still fit. Shimano has kept the crank spindle diameter and length the same.

12-28 cassettes were common with 53-39 cranks. If this is what you have be aware that you will have a lower top gear ratio. You can change to an 11-28 cassette and get a slightly higher ratio.

If changing both the cassette and cranks you will need to replace the chain as well.

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  • You could think of an 11-30 cassette as it would greatly increase the climbing ability as well. – Carel Aug 25 at 11:28
  • @Carel true, but then the OP is very likely exceeding the total capacity of the rear derailleur – Argenti Apparatus Aug 25 at 11:33

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