Yes - I ran 28mm Continental Grand Prix 26" tyres on my recumbent for a while. They were fast, looked sporty and worked well at ~14 Watts
Downside, they punctured relatively easily. When it got to ~2 punctures in a week's commuting (10 hours of riding), I changed to Schwalbe Energizer Plus Greenguard 26" x1.75 47-559 tyres on the same rims. These use 21.5 Watts.
My average speed dropped - I used to cruise at 32 km/h, and now my average is around 27. 5 km/h is 15~18% slower.
On the flip side, I haven't had a single puncture since September 2019 where I was flatting. A puncture takes ~15 minutes to swap out the tube (its an IGH so fiddly) Assume 30 minutes lost a week in flats at the worst, and that's the same as ~16 km distance. However I'm travelling 15% slower, so my 10 hours of commute turns into 11.5 hours total.
answer sometimes faster tyres, plus fixing the odd flat, is faster than sludging through with harder tyres. And my knees hurt more with the heftier tyre.
The tyres are heavier too - easily half as much again. That's not much in terms of my 25 kilo ride, but for a lighter (10 kilo) bike it would be more noticeable.
I absolutely intend to get racier tyres again, but need to wear out the current ones, after 4000 km and 10 months they're still almost new, so wear is generally good and life is long. The previous Contis were dead after 6000 km, so longevity is a factor as well.