So, the project is to install this 5kg battery:
on this bike:
This is no joke. I'm serious.
Following up to this previous question, I'm going to use steel rivnuts (aluminium is really too light for the job), M6 if possible otherwise I'll fallback to the standard M5. I hope to have enough room to put at least 6 rivnuts, 4 being the absolute minimum I could accept.
Here are some dimensions of the rivnuts:
Now the point of this question. The frame has an hinge, thus I cannot install the battery right on the frame, there has to be a spacing of about 15mm between the frame and the battery. The battery goes from the fork to the seatpost, with just a few centimeters left, allowing to swap the battery out from its support.
So far, I could think of 3 solutions:
1) Use these steel hexagonal studs:
- Pros: Visually, seems to be the "right piece for the job". Made of steel.
- Cons: Probably not designed for such job, I'm afraid it could break between the thread and the nut part.
- For the record, M5 model has 8mm thread length and M6 model has 10mm thread length.
2) Use long bolts and these "tall washers", between the rivnut collars and the battery support:
- Pros: The most "regular" system one would think of.
- Cons: Probably not the sturdiest system.
3) Use larger "tall washers", that would sit around the rivnuts collars, right on the frame, rather than on the rivnut collar.
- Pros: Allows to use much larger, thus stronger, washers. For example, with M6 rivnuts I would use M12 washers, that have an external diameter of 20mm! That would help a lot for bearing the sideways force.
- Cons: Maybe need to add a protection layer between the frame and the washers, so they don't leave a mark on the frame. Maybe a band of Gorilla Tape, with holes for the bolts.
So far, I'm bending towards solution 3. What are your thoughts on this?
Update following up to Michael's answer:
- About your first paragraph: I had thought about this too. But with solution 3, sideways force is transmitted to the frame through the large washers, thus preserving the rivnuts a lot, whereas with solution 2, all of the sideways force goes to the rivnuts, and to their junction with the frame, thus possibly loosening them over time. I'm no physicist and can't say which solution is the sturdiest, but my bet would be on solution 3.
- About drilling the frame top and bottom and using long bolts: I hadn't clearly stated it, but actually, the bike is already an eBike! But I do need an huge autonomy. There is already a small battery (about 10 Ah) inside the frame, that I'd like to keep as well (switching batteries simply by switching external XT60 connectors). Actually, I'm replacing that stock battery with a slightly different model, which is about 1cm less height; adding this to the original gap of a few millimeters, it brings enough clearance for the rivnuts.