Yes - thorn-resistant tyres do exist. Thorn-PROOF on the other hand. may be too heavy.
The main defense a tyre has to reject a thorn or other puncture causing items is thickness. I bet few if any car tyres get punctured by these thorns, because car tyres tend to be 10-30mm thick on the tread. This is excessive on a bicycle, but the thicker the tread, the more material a thorn has to go through.
The second feature of a tyre is an armoured belt. In cars that are the metal wires that run Radially around the tyre, but in a lighter bicycle wheel it could be kevlar or plastic. Sometimes these belts are built into the tread, like the Schwalbe Marathon, or you can add extra layers using products like the Tannus inserts.
The downside of all this added thickness is rotational mass, which makes the bike feel heaver, slower to accelerate, and the thicker sidewalls mean it has higher rolling resistance.
You can combine defenses in layers, by having sealant inside the tyre so if a thorn does make it through there's the chance of sealing around it.
A parallel approach is to ask the hedge trimmers about cleaning up after themselves, or to the home owner or to the local authority if the hedge is on public land.
If enough people complain about the plants AND there's a motivated council, it may be possible to get the hedges torn out and replaced. I had a loverly cherry-blossom tree which tried to take out my eyeball with 3 inch thorns, so it regrettably became firewood.
Plants can outgrow their usefulness.
Last option may be to modify your riding technique and stop riding through the hedge trimmings. This may not be possible depending on the road layout and space available.