Given the tradeoffs and the location of the damage, I'd agree with the suggestion to replace the spokes preemptively. However, I offer some further information below. This verges on overthinking the issue, however.
The engineering term for the phenomenon that mattnz referred to is that the gouges likely create stress risers or stress concentrators. As you keep riding, those spokes cycle through loaded and unloaded phases. Those stresses will get concentrated at the gouges. The drive-side spokes are also under more tension, and if they break, they will distort the wheel more than if a non-drive spoke breaks.
If you don't replace the spokes, you could exercise watchful waiting, a term normally used in medicine where you don't actively treat a disease (including a suspected disease), but you periodically monitor its progress. You'd be looking for any worsening, e.g. cracks forming. A potential problem with this approach is that failures may occur suddenly rather than gradually. We normally associate metal, especially steel, with gradual rather than sudden failures, and carbon with the latter. However, those are really thin steel structures, and we might not be able to see warning signs before a failure propagates.
If we think of a dent in a frame, we would generally advise people to use watchful waiting, although it would depend on how thin the frame tubing was (ultralight frame = no safety margin) and where the dent was (in a highly stressed location like towards the ends of the downtube = more likely to fracture, close to head tube = immediate uncontrolled crash if it fails). Here, others have observed that if spokes break, that will end the ride immediately, and probably stress the rim beyond repair. It has to be said that it shouldn't crash you, at least - the front wheel would crash you.
Another thing you could do would be to ask the opinion of an experienced wheelbuilder. They could have some experience as to how likely this would be to fail. Naturally, this also won't be a perfect source of information, because they will have competing commercial interests.