My question is in regard to typical bicycle wheels one might find on a road bicycle. I own an old second hand road bike, and after many spokes started to snap while riding it, decided to replace the all the spokes myself. This was the first time building a wheel, but I think that after a bit of trial and error I eventually seemed to have a fairly good wheel. That is, until I warped it by putting a decent amount of lateral loading on it. Basically, I was riding the bicycle slowly while putting the bike at a large angle to the road (think about 45 degrees, riding straight). Eventually, I heard a creaking noise and the bike stopped, forcing me to fall off. After looking at the bike both wheels were severely thrown out of true, and when trying to re true the bike, I noticed that the spoke tension needed to be very uneven to get the rear wheel back into true. I haven't taken the wheel apart yet, but I am guessing that thanks to my little stunt, I had plastically deformed the rim of the rear wheel. What I am not sure about is, is it just expected that road bicycle wheels are just not designed to handle large amounts of lateral stress? Under normal bicycling conditions, there shouldn't be so much. Or, would it be possible that there was something wrong with my wheel, as since it was the first wheel I had built, I wouldn't put it past me to not build a good wheel the first time around. For instance, I am not confident if I pre-stressed them enough, and it is hard to tell how much the spokes are expected to "stretch out" over time.
I remember I would do similar stunts on my mountain bike back when I was a kid, but this was when I weighed less, and the wheels were a bit beefier and smaller diameter than the wheels that I ride on now.
Basically, I am wondering if bicycles are designed to handle these loads or not, because I want to make sure my bicycle is as strong as it should be.
I appreciate your time and valuable advice!