It's a surprisingly controversial topic.
Many technical sources (Barnett's Manual is where I first learned it) say the expander wedge should be below the threaded section. If this is true, there's not much point in using a spacer stack on threaded headsets, because the lower end of the threaded section is your limiting factor.
In order for this rule to work, there would either need to be a standard for thread depth below the locknut, or the thread depth would need to be checked every time the height is adjusted, or the depth chosen to mark the minimum insertion would need to be conservative enough to cover almost all scenarios without either of the above being true. It's my impression that the third option is more the world we're living in, though this means some exceptions will slip through even if users and mechanics do things "right."
Other sources (Rivendell is one I know of) seem unconcerned about the whole thing and imply you can add spacers with impunity.
Before threadless, bikes tended to come with a different steerer for every size, with the threaded section starting higher up for each larger size bike. The framebuilding world still has such a range of threaded steerers available.
Contemporary threaded repair forks usually come in only one, very long thread length, which allows one part to be applicable to a wide range of bikes. These forks will thus have the expander stressing the threaded section on all but the smallest bikes. The availability of these forks in a liability-sensitive world (they're the only option in many cases) can seem to imply the design is safe.
I've seen several heavily used forks break their steerers when the expander is clamped under the threads, including repair forks as above. Many more are in regular use without issue. I suspect but don't know that rider weight/power and overtightening the wedge are large factors, but even so the risk of a steerer breakage has to be taken seriously. I've come to view clamping with the wedge under the threads as a bad idea, and am reluctant to use replacement forks that force one to.