7

If I move the brake device by hand, I can get it centered.

However, after riding a bit I guess the bumps of the road shift it either to the right or left, causing either the right or left brake pad to be twice as close to the rim as the other.

I tried tightening the bolt in the front, but that makes the brakes lock up.

Tightening the bolt in the back make the metal tire guard go off center from the tire.

enter image description here

3
  • Is your rim true? By that I mean when you spin it by hand, is there a visible change in the gap between the brake track and the pad.
    – Criggie
    Apr 12 at 11:51
  • 2
    Yep, that's not the problem though. The gap is the same the whole way round the wheel.
    – John
    Apr 12 at 13:30
  • 1
    I've experienced similar problems due to the cable housing being too short by just a small amount, so it eventually pulled the whole brake assembly to the side. Make sure that you have installed enough cable housing and that it is properly routed.
    – Jahaziel
    Apr 12 at 16:47

1 Answer 1

8

The key to getting a side pull brake to stay centered is to get the pivot bolt centered and tight. You have the added challenge of getting the pivot bolt centered and getting the fender centered at the same time.

Here is a diagram so that we can get our language straight.

enter image description here
A - Rear pivot nut
B - Rear pivot nut washer
C - Rear pivot nut curved washer
D - Pivot bolt
Skipping a few parts...
N - Lock nut 1
O - Lock nut 2

Here is your picture with N-lock nut 1 and O-lock nut 2 marked.
enter image description here
A-rear pivot nut is hidden in this picture by the fork.

First - get your brake pads centered. I'm going to summarize a detailed article from Park Tool on centering a side pull brake.

  1. Snug up A-rear pivot nut. Tightening this nut will cause the
  • D-pivot bolt to turn and it will cause the
  • fender mount bracket to turn

Both your brake pads and fender will go off center.

Second - Get your lock nuts set. The lock nuts provide the adjustment for the brake arms (G and I in the drawing). The brake arms should have as little front to back play as possible and still move freely. Once the brake arms have the proper amount of play tighten the two nuts against each other so they are locked in place.

Third - Get your D-pivot bolt centered.
The spring (E in the diagram) is what determines if the brake arms are centered. Turning the pivot bolt adjusts the center of both the spring and the brake arms.

Note: some brakes have a place on the pivot bolt for a thin wrench that allows for a one wrench pivot bolt adjustment. It would be located on the fat part of the pivot bolt where the spring attaches. If you don't have this keep reading.

Getting the pivot bolt to turn is a matter of putting a wrench on the A-rear pivot nut (usually a 10mm wrench) and a wrench on the correct lock nut and turning.
If the pivot bolt needs to turn clockwise you want to put your wrench on lock nut 2 so that it turns into lock nut 1.
If the pivot bolt needs to turn counter clockwise you want to put your wrench on lock nut 1 so that it turns into lock nut 2.
You should see the pivot bolt turn, which turns the springs, which turns the brake arms.

Picture of turning the pivot bolt
enter image description here
Note, in the picture the front wrench is on lock nut 1 so the mechanic is turning the pivot bolt counter clockwise.

Last - getting the fender straight
Holding the pivot bolt in place you want to shift the fender mounting brace so that the fender is centered on the tire/wheel.
Using an adjustable wrench you may be able to grab the fender mounting brace. Then, with your lock nut holding trick from step three, hold the pivot bolt in place and turn the adjustable wrench until the fender is in the right place.

This all sounds tricky and complicated but it gets easier with practice.

1
  • Your helpfulness. 😭 It will be a bit before I can follow your instructions. But, thank you in advance.
    – John
    Apr 12 at 15:19

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