Questions tagged [shifting]

Questions relating to the act or mechanisms involved with moving the chain from one gear to another.

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32
votes
11answers
20k views

Is there such thing as an automatic transmission for bikes?

Has anyone ever designed or manufactured an automatic transmission (or automatic shifter?) for cycling? I imagine such a device would automatically change the gearing to allow the rider to maintain ...
21
votes
12answers
11k views

Is standing up and pedaling on multi-gear bicycles a bad idea

After reading While pedaling standing up, bike crank gives in as if shifting, what is causing this? , I was thinking "one should probably not be standing up to pedal under normal circumstances". Is ...
14
votes
6answers
5k views

Mechanic says not to use top three/bottom two gears or the chain will throw

I just bought a BTwin Fit 5, all stock, fresh from the distributor, Decathlon. Took it for light pacing at the store and things seemed OK. About 100 metres out the door, I shift up to the top end of ...
12
votes
12answers
91k views

While pedaling standing up, bike crank gives in as if shifting, what is causing this?

While standing up and pedaling, the cranks give in as if shifting. It seams like I am shifting down, but my hands are off the shifter, almost like the chain is skipping a link. I took it to a bike ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

How to attach cable mounting points to a bicycle frame?

I have a frame-building project that is near completion: An old 90ies steel MTB frame was cut, and converted into a frame for a cargo bike. In my enthusiasm, I have overlooked one detail: The ...
11
votes
7answers
55k views

Rear derailleur shifting poorly, skipping gears

I've got a Shimano Sora on a 8-gear cassette, and have odd behavior and skipping, shifting under stress. This started with a trip to the mechanic for a tune up which replaced the chain. I had some ...
10
votes
5answers
7k views

My bike goes up one gear at a time, but down two: is this normal?

Just over a year ago I bought a new bike (a Giant Escape 3) with a trigger gear system - my previous one had a grip-twist to change gears. After riding and experimenting for a while, I was able to ...
9
votes
9answers
60k views

Chain slipping on newish bike

I've looked at most of the answers for related questions and they all speak about replacing parts that are old. I just bought a new bike from a friend who rode the bike for about a month before ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

difficulty in shifting to lower gear on shimano (6 speed rear gear)

I am new to using a bicycle with multiple speeds. I got this new bicycle 4 days back with Shimano 6 speed rear gears. I don't know much else about the components. There is no issue when I move to ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Cleaning Cable Housing?

I commute about 3600 miles a year and I am able to keep my gears adjusted pretty well. I do find that I get a lot of grime from rainy, muddy conditions, and I think I might be replacing my shift ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Rear derailleur cage bigger than cassette necessity

I use a Shimano Ultegra 6600 rear derailleur with short cage in a 11/28 cassette. The derailleur is at the end of its useful life and would like to exchange for a cheaper one, since I intend to ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How should I select front and rear gears?

Just bought a Falcon Interceptor bike with Shimano gears - whatever that means. I've had bikes in the past but only those with one set of gears for the rear wheel. What's the need for front and rear ...
7
votes
1answer
493 views

How exactly does cross-chaining accelerate wear?

I've heard all over that cross-chaining "wears your drivetrain out faster". I must admit I'm not 100% convinced that this is true, because I can't see a scientific basis for it. Could I get an ...
6
votes
3answers
602 views

Shifting direction is different for front and rear shifters

I have been riding singlespeed and 1x setups for decades. The last time I had a front derailleur was over 30 years ago, and the shifter was on the downtube then, and I don’t have any memory of how it ...
6
votes
2answers
934 views

Why does my vintage Shimano rear derailleur come with brake style cable housing?

I got a NOS Shimano RD-6400 rear derailler and it came with cable housing that I usually see on brake cable housing with that thick wire coil inside. I always thought those aren't suitable for ...
6
votes
3answers
33k views

Bike won't shift at all

I have old old 90's Cannondale that has been sitting in a spare bedroom for the last three years just collecting dust (has not been ridden in those three years). I bought a bike trainer over the ...
6
votes
3answers
7k views

Cannot shift to lowest gear - chain too short?

I’m in the process of switching from an 11-25 to 11-32 rear cassette. The upgrade has involved replacing the cassette, rear derailleur (short to medium cage) and fitting a new chain. I can cleanly ...
6
votes
1answer
780 views

Nexus hub keeps getting misaligned

I have a nexus 8-speed internal hub on a Civia Kingfield bike. It keeps getting misaligned -- the dots on the bottom don't line up. In the past I have successfully adjusted it using the barrel ...
6
votes
1answer
269 views

Tandem drivetrain--right side front drive

From what I am reading, there are 3 attested tandem drivetrains: 1) crossover drive, with timing chain on the left, and main crankset and drive chain on the rear right. This seems to be most common. ...
5
votes
3answers
19k views

Chain shifting when back pedaling

On my bike I found that when I backpedal, if the chain isnt perfectly straight, it is prone to shift to a more central gear. E.g would be if on the small chainring and the largest cog, backpedaling ...
5
votes
1answer
22k views

Misadjusted B-screw: symptoms?

What are the typical symptoms of incorrectly adjusted B-screw in the rear derailleur? How does it manifest itself when shifting? Obviously, if the cage pulley interferes with the cog, the problem is ...
5
votes
1answer
434 views

Derailleur can't shift to 51-T sprocket. Deore CS-M5100 + RD-M5100

ISSUE: When attempting to shift to the largest cassette sprocket, the side of the derailleur cage contacts the 51t sprocket, so the chain is not able to go up the gear. WHAT I DID: My drivetrain was ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

When shifting both left and right shifters, what's the preferred sequence?

My technique has always been "easier, then harder". When switching to the big chain ring, I first downshift at least twice on the right (easier) and then upshift on the left (harder). When switching ...
5
votes
2answers
677 views

Which cables and housing do I need?

I am going to build my own bike. I purchased the 105 5800 groupset the other day and was examining the different components. The shifters came with some cables and cable housing. I have attached a ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

replacing shifter cable housing?

My rear cable housing got torn apart while I was tunning gears as you can see in the picture. I'm quite new to cycling so i'm not sure if i should replace the whole cable or just the part of the ...
5
votes
1answer
252 views

When shifting gears, how does a bike chain catch the new cog so reliably?

I think I understand the derailleur mechanism pretty well, yet I still find it surprising how the chain catches on the new cog so reliably. Is there something I'm missing? Is it just with the proper ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

Shimano Ultegra 6800 front derailleur tension problem

I'm building up a 2015 Salsa Colossal Ti with a full Ultegra 6800 groupset (though with the RS685 hydraulic shifters). I'm having an issue setting up the front derailleur. I've followed all the ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

How to prevent shifting issues due to derailleur or cables freezing in cold weather

It's been fluctating in temperature between 0F and 20F in my area. I've been riding my 1x9 geared mountain bike to and from work. However, due to the cold weather, I'm having issues shifting. It ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

(Automatic Bike Project) amount of torque required to change gears?

I am planning to build an electronically controlled automatic bike transmission for my senior design project. I'm personally more of an electrical guy, so dealing with the mechanics is somewhat new to ...
5
votes
2answers
157 views

Chain length differences between 1X and multi-chainring setups

When determining correct chain size, one common technique is to install the chain (without passing it through any derailleur) onto the largest front and rear sprockets. Then, determine the shortest ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Downtube shifters won't stay in low gear on rear derailleur

I've finished a bike restoration today and it's my first time using downtube shifters. They work and will span the full range of gears but won't stay in the big cog on the back for long, the shifter ...
5
votes
2answers
351 views

3 Speed Front Derailleur can't reach small gear

I bought a new frame and put my old Campagnolo Racing T components on it. The seat tube has a diameter of 35mm and I use the Campagnolo 35mm clamp for the Racing T derailleur. The problem is the ...
5
votes
1answer
18k views

Cant get my rear derailleur to reach all cogs

I have been having an issue on my road bike getting the rear derailleur to reach all of my cogs. I can either not reach my two smallest cogs or two largest cogs depending on the cable tension. I ...
4
votes
4answers
12k views

Do I have to stop pedaling when shifting up the front chainring?

If I keep pedaling when shifting up the front chainring, it would fail. Moreover, the chain keeps rubbing with the chainrings and produces many noises. Thus, I have to stop pedaling for around one ...
4
votes
6answers
54k views

Front derailleur is hard to shift into the big ring. Where to start?

I have a shifting problem on a bike that has a crank with a triple set of chainrings. The bike is a tandem. I have to put a great deal of effort to get it to shift into the big ring. Where should I ...
4
votes
4answers
544 views

Internal Gear Hub Nexus 7

I just bought a new bike and it has the nexus 7 internal hub. This is my first internal hub. I love to ride but admittedly don't know much about the mechanics of bikes. I'm 57 and mostly ride the bike ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to lower gearing on Tiagra 4700

I have a bike with Tiagra 4700 hydraulic groupset and I want to lower the gearing from the present minimum 34/28. The one thing I'd not like to replace is the shifters: These ST-RS405, while truly ...
4
votes
3answers
433 views

Shifting can't keep up with my acceleration

I noticed that when I really give it hell after stopping or riding slow (I do that all the time on commute), I have to shift two gears at a time in the lower gears, to keep up with my acceleration. I ...
4
votes
2answers
655 views

Are there any tricks or pitfalls in timing gear changes?

I have noticed that my bike sometimes changes gears incredibly smoothly—quietly, quickly, very little 'jolt' through my pedals—while other times I get a rough, clunky change. I'm wondering if there's ...
4
votes
3answers
13k views

How to correctly adjust 3 speed shifter

I have a second hand chapelli 3 speed bike. Everything was fine until I got a flat tire on my back wheel. I was able to figure out how to get the back wheel off (after a bit of Googling), by ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a difference of spacing between cogs on a 7 speed cassette vs a 8 speed cassette?

Is there a difference of spacing between cogs on a 7 speed cassette vs a 8 speed cassette? When I got a new wheel (upgrade from freewheel hub), I tried to get a 7 speed cassette (SRAM) for it, but ...
4
votes
2answers
169 views

Poor shifting in dense fog?

I cleaned up my bike yesterday after a particularly wet and muddy week, wiped the oil off the chain, applied a fresh batch, took it for a spin and found no issues whatever with the shifting (I go ...
4
votes
3answers
569 views

Friction shifting 9 speeds using an 11 speed rear derailleur

I am interested in running a 1 x 9 drivetrain using an 11-speed Shimano 105 R7000 rear derailleur. If I'm friction shifting 9 speeds, will using an 11-speed derailleur cause issues? Or is it as simple ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

Gears shift perfectly when suspended on rack, but not on the ground?

So I had recently solved some issues I was having thanks to the community. I re-tuned my bike on a suspended mount and everytning looks great. On the ground, all of the gears work smoothly except for ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Info for replacing a shift cable housing

I have a Raleigh MT 200 - 1994. I lost the segment of the housing for the cable of the rear derailleur (Shimano STX) that goes to the shifter, see red in the image 1. I would likely purchase a ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Ultegra shifting issue

Relatively recent (within 5 years) Ultegra 11-speed set up on internally routed carbon frame. Replaced cables. Rear mech. shifts fine...until front mech. is shifted to the big ring. When there is ...
4
votes
3answers
81 views

How to check and ensure parallelism of front derailer and chainrings?

Various instructions of front derailers with clamp want me to ensure that the derailer cage is parallel to the chainrings. What is the preferred way to do this? Since the derailer cage has quite a ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Shimano 105 rear derailleur issue

I have a specialized roubaix of 10 years old. With shimano 105 group. I’m having trouble with my rear derailleur. I want to adjust it so i start on the smallest gear at the back and change gear one by ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Shifters compatible with: SG-3D55 (Shimano Nexus 3 speed - disk brake - internal gear hub)

I am planning to buy the SG-3D55 internal gear hub. According to this forum post, the SL-3S35 is compatible. But what about the other 3 speed nexus shifters? I am finding it hard to find any ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Shimano 7 speed with click shift not enough range. Can only get 4 of 7 gears

The indexing shifter (lever for down, click for up type) doesn't seem to have enough range to cover the entire 7 gears. Limiting screws are all the way out. If I adjust the cable I can get 4 lower ...