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I have parts from another bicycle which got it's frame broken. What criteria should I check before ordering a new frame to avoid compatibility issues with old parts?

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    How old are the parts and what is their wear condition like ?
    – Criggie
    May 18, 2017 at 7:31

2 Answers 2

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This is pretty broad, and it depends on how much stuff you want to move over. I'll assume the fork, frame and headset itself are not being moved, so you're getting new ones of those.

  • Brakes: Mounting, reach for rim brakes (can the brake, when mounted, reach the rim properly?)
  • Wheels: Frame spacing and brakes (if you have to switch brake types you may need to switch wheels). Also, axle type (can't put a thru axle wheel in a regular frame, for example, though some hubs are convertible).
  • Stem: Threadless/threaded depending on the new frame. If you switch stem types or stems, make sure the new stem can clamp on the new bar.
  • Handlebar: See stem. Also, anything that mounts to the handlebar will need compatibility checks if you change diameters.
  • Front derailleur: Same type of mount (E-type, etc.). These are cheap though, so replacing them is no big deal.
  • Bottom bracket: Depends on the frame. You'll probably end up installing a new one though.
  • Crankset: Depends on the bottom bracket.
  • Seatpost: Depends on diameter.
  • Saddle: Probably will.
  • Rear derailleur: Probably will.

Note that you'll likely be using a shop to move some (all?) of the parts, and at least for prepping the new frame (e.g. chasing and facing the BB and what not).

So, you might as well go through them to get the parts and double check compatibility.

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I would say buy a used bike of similar age, and a similar style.

That means if its a road bike, don't expect to fit the parts to a MTB. Bicycle makers have regularly changed things over time, so what fits a 1990 bike probably won't fit a 2000 bike and has no chance of fitting a 2010 bike.

I wouldn't waste money on a new frame unless the parts you have are less than 5 years old and show minimal wear.

Your other option is to part out what you have on ebay or similar, and buy a complete bike (new or used)

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